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University <>j (Illinois Bulletin 


UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS BULLETIN Volume 71, Number 12, August 27, 1973. 

Published twelve times each month by the University of Illinois. 

Entered as second-class matter December 11, 1912, 

at the post office at Urbana, Illinois, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 

Office of Publication, 1002 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801. 

"The business of the law school is not sufficiently described when you 
merely say it is to teach law or to make lawyers. It is to teach law in the 
grand manner, and to make great lawyers." — Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 











Library; Course of Study; Faculty; Students 


Prelegal Study; When Students May Enter; Requirements for Admis- 
sion; Transfer from Other Law Schools; Foreign Transfer Students; 
Part-Time Law Study; Students in Other Colleges Electing Law 
Courses; Visiting of Law Courses; Readmission after Withdrawal; 
Health Requirement 


Class Hours and Attendance; Examinations and Grades; Credit for 
Nonlaw Courses 


Graduation with Honors or High Honors; Order of the Coif; Law 
Forum Membership; Special Prizes and Awards 


Student Bar Association; Moot Court Competition; Caveat; Student 
Research Bureau; Program of Community Involvement; Black Law 
Student Association; International Law Society; Women Law Stu- 
dents; National Lawyers Guild; Professional Fraternities; Recent 
Decisions Section — Illinois Bar Journal 


Programs of Graduate Study; Requirements for Admission to Grad- 
uate Study; Requirements for Graduate Degrees; Teaching Assistants 


Fees; Student Costs at the University of Illinois; Financial Aid; Self- 




Required and Recommended Courses; Elective Courses; Summer 
Session; Description of Courses 


CALENDAR 1974-75 


May 27, Monday Instruction begins, first session 

July 1, 2, 3, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday. . . . .Examinations, first session 

July 4, Thursday Independence Day (classes dismissed) 

July 5, Friday Instruction begins, second session 

August 8, 9, 1 0, Thursday, Friday, Saturday . . Examinations, second session 


August 21, 22, 23, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday Registration 

August 23, Friday Orientation, new students 

August 26, Monday Instruction begins 

November 27, Wednesday, 12:00 noon Thanksgiving vacation begins 

December 2, Monday a.m Thanksgiving vacation ends 

December 6, Friday Instruction ends 

December 11, Wednesday Semester examinations begin 

December 21, Saturday Semester examinations end 


January 13, Monday Instruction begins 

January 15, 16, 17, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday Registration 

March 22, Saturday Spring vacation begins 

March 31, Monday a.m Spring vacation ends 

May 2, Friday Instruction ends 

May 7, Wednesday Semester examinations begin 

May 1 7, Saturday Semester examinations end 

May 24, Saturday Commencement exercises 


May 26, Monday Instruction begins, first session 

June 30, July 1, 2, Monday, Tuesday, 

Wednesday Examinations, first session 

July 3, Thursday Instruction begins, second session 

July 4, Friday Independence Day (classes dismissed) 

August 7, 8, 9, Thursday, Friday, 

Saturday Examinations, second session 

At the time of this printing the 1975-76 academic calendar had not been 
approved. The above should be useful for planning purposes. Appropriate 
information will be contained in registration materials forwarded to appli- 
cants accepted for admission for the 1975-76 year. 



Daniel Walker, Governor of Illinois Springfield 62706 

Michael J. Bakalis, 

Superintendent of Public Instruction Springfield 62707 


Term 1969-75 

Earl M. Hughes 206 North Hughes Road, Woodstock 60098 

Russell W. Steger. . .Suite 2140, 135 South LaSalle Street, Chicago 60603 
Timothy W. Swain 411 Hamilton Boulevard, Peoria 61602 

Term 1971-77 

William D. Forsyth, Jr 1201 South Fourth Street, P.O. Box 2209, 

Springfield 62703 
George W. Howard III. .Howard Building-Box U, Mount Vernon 62864 
Earl L. Neal Suite 1525, 111 West Washington Street, Chicago 60602 

Term 1973-79 

Ralph C. Hahn 1320 South State Street, Springfield 62704 

Park Livingston 202 South Kensington, La Grange 60525 

Jane Hayes Rader Windridge Farm, Route 2, Cobden 62920 


Earl M. Hughes, President Woodstock 

Earl W. Porter, Secretary Urbana 

R. R. Manchester, Treasurer Chicago 

James J. Costello, University Counsel Urbana 


John E. Corbally Jr., President of the University 

Ronald W. Brady, Vice-President for Planning and Allocation 

Eldon L. Johnson, Vice-President for Governmental Relations and Public 

Barry Munitz, Vice-President for Academic Development and Coordination 
Earl W. Porter, Secretary of the University 
Jack W. Peltason, Chancellor, Urbana-Champaign campus 
Morton W. Weir, Vice-Chancellor for Academic Affairs, Urbana-Cham- 
paign campus 
John W. Briscoe, Vice-Chancellor for Administrative Affairs, Urbana- 
Champaign campus 

Hugh M. Satterlee, Vice-Chancellor for Campus Affairs, Urbana-Cham- 

paign campus 
George A. Russell, Acting Dean of the Graduate College, Urbana-Cham- 

paign campus 
Jane W. Loeb, Director of Admissions and Records, Urbana-Champaign 



John Edward Cribbet, Dean and Professor of Law 

A.B., LL.D., Illinois Wesleyan University; J.D., University of Illinois 
Wayne Robert LaFave, Associate Dean and Professor of Law 

B.S., LL.B., S.J.D., University of Wisconsin 


Merrill Isaac Schnebly, Professor of Law 

A.B., Bradley University; J.D., University of Chicago; J.S.D., Yale 

James Gladwyn Thomas, Professor of Law 
A.B., J.D., University of Illinois 

Harold Wright Holt, Professor of Law 

A.B., Dartmouth College; LL.B., S.J.D., Harvard University 

Russell Neil Sullivan, Dean and Professor of Law 

A.B., Oberlin College; J.D., University of Illinois; LL.M., Colum- 
bia University 

Edward Waite Cleary, Professor of Law 

A.B., Illinois College; J.D., University of Illinois; J.S.D., Yale Uni- 


Harold Albert Baker, Lecturer in Law 

A.B., LL.B., University of Illinois 
Marion Wilson Benfield, Jr., Professor of Law 

A.B., University of Illinois; LL.B., Wake Forest College; LL.M., 

University of Michigan 
Charles Henry Bowman, Professor of Law 

B.S., University of Illinois; LL.B., Cumberland University; J.D., 

University of Illinois 
Kenneth Stanley Broun, Visiting Professor of Law 

B.S., J.D., University of Illinois 

Robert Clair Gasad, Visiting Professor of Law 

A.B., M.A., University of Kansas; J.D., University of Michigan 
Rubin Goodman Cohn, Professor of Law 

A.B., J.D., University of Illinois 
John Joseph Costonis, Professor of Law 

A.B., Harvard University; LL.B., Columbia University 
Roger William Findley, Professor of Law 

A.B., DePauw University; J.D., University of Michigan 
George Thomas Frampton, Professor of Law 

A.B., J.D., Duke University 
Stephen B. Goldberg, Professor of Law 

A.B.j LL.B., Harvard University 
William Dennis Hawkland, Professor of Law 

B.S., J.D., University of Minnesota; LL.M., Columbia University 
Peter Hay, Professor of Law 

B.A., J.D., University of Michigan 
Edward Frederick Hess, Jr., Professor of Law and Library Administration; 

and Law Librarian 

B.S., Northwestern University; J.D., M.L.S., University of Illinois 
Mary Gardner Jones, Professor of Law and Business Administration 

B.A., Wellesley College; J.D., Yale Law School 
Chin Kim, Professor of Law and Professor of Library Administration; and 

Associate Law Librarian, Foreign and International Law Collection 

A.B., Florida Southern College; LL.B., Korea University; M.C.L., 

George Washington University; M.S., Columbia University; J.S.D., 

Yale Law School 
Harry Dieter Krause, Professor of Law 

B.A., J.D., University of Michigan 
Delias Lee, Visiting Professor of Law 

LL.B., University of British Columbia; LL.M., University of Illinois; 

S.J.D., University of Michigan 
Kenneth Thaddeus Lopatka, Assistant Professor of Law 

U.S. Military Academy; B.A., St. Procopius College; J.D., Harvard 

Law School 
Peter Blount Maggs, Professor of Law 

A.B., LL.B., Harvard University 
Stuart Mies Mamer, Lecturer in Law 

A.B., J.D., University of Illinois 

John Harrison McCord, Professor of Law 

A.B., Fordham University; LL.B., St. John's University; LL.M., Uni- 
versity of Illinois 
Thomas Dale Morgan, Associate Professor of Law 

B.A.j Northwestern University; J.D., University of Chicago 
John Edward Nowak. Assistant Professor of Law 

A.B., Marquette University: J.D., University of Illinois 
Jeffrey O'Connell, Professor of Law 

A.B., Dartmouth College; LL.B., Harvard University 
William Painter, Professor of Law 

A.B., Princeton University; LL.B., Harvard Law School 
Sheldon Jay Plager, Professor of Law 

A.B., University of North Carolina; J.D., University of Florida; 

LL.M., Columbia University 
Charles Whitted Quick, Professor of Law 

A.B., Talladega College; LL.B., Harvard University; LL.M., New 

York University 
Ralph Reisner, Professor of Law 

B.A., University of Washington; LL.B., George Washington University 
Rita James Simon, Professor of Law and Sociology; and Research Profes- 
sor of Communications 

B.A., University of Wisconsin; Ph.D., University of Chicago 
Victor J. Stone, Professor of Law 

A.B., Oberlin College; J.D., Columbia University 
Edward Veitch, Visiting Associate Professor of Law 

M.A., LL.B., University of Edinburgh, Scotland 
Jesse Nelson Young, Professor of Law 

B.S., J.D., University of Illinois; C.P.A. 


Edward Frederick Hess, Jr., Law Librarian and Professor of Law and 
Library Administration 
B.S., M.S. (Lib.),J.D. 

Chin Kim, Associate Law Librarian; Professor of Law and Professor of Li- 
brary Administration, Foreign and International Law Collection 
A.B., M.S. (Lib.) , LL.B., M.C.L., LL.M., J.S.D. 

Steve Sue Yuan Huang, Assistant Law Librarian, Circulation and Stacks 
LL.B., M.S. (Lib.) 

Frances Hunt Hall, Assistant Law Librarian, Reference 

B.A, M.S. (Lib.) 
Carol Boast, Law Library Assistant, Documents 

B.A., M.S. (Lib.) 


Donald Martin Hartshorn, Assistant Dean 

Robert Gene Brown, Assistant Dean 

B.A., M.Ed. 
Zelda Trenner Derber, Associate Editor, University of Illinois Law Forum 

A.B., LL.B. 
Marian Helen Martin, Registrar 

C. Margaret Wascher, Chief Clerk, Admissions 
Diane Weidner, Secretary to the Dean 
Brenda Kay Nolan, Administrative Secretary 


















The professional law school is a uniquely American institution. Developing 
out of educational experimentation in the nineteenth century, it has no 
exact counterpart in the older culture of Europe. It is an intensive train- 
ing ground for a professional career. The law school cultivates practical, 
intellectual, and forensic skills in its students and teaches them to use law 
and procedure both for their own vocational purposes and for the welfare 
of society. But there is another, academic, aspect to the law school. The 
study of law and legal institutions is also an ancient and honorable schol- 
arly discipline. Therefore, the professional training of lawyers in America 
has necessarily been tied to higher education in the broadest sense, and the 
best American law schools, while duly attentive to instruction in technical 
skills, also play important roles in the academic life of American universities. 

It is difficult at best for the undergraduate student to evaluate the merits 
of the 150 approved law schools in the country today. No official ranking 
or comprehensive evaluation exists — indeed there are no standardized 
criteria for such a ranking. In general, however, one may seek out the 
school's reputation among lawyers, judges, government administrators, and 
law professors. In turn, this reputation is usually directly related to the 
level of support which the law school enjoys for its library, for attracting 
and retaining outstanding faculty members in competition with the profes- 
sion and other law schools, for its physical facilities, and for the national 
and international scope of its educational program. In making an order of 
selection from among schools on a basis other than that of purely personal 
considerations, undergraduate students should be informed about some 
important modern trends in legal education. 



The earliest major change in the characteristics of law schools took place 
after World War I and reflected the increasing cost of a professional edu- 
cation. It was the gradual decrease in the number of proprietary law 
schools, that is, those privately owned and operated for profit. Today most 
law schools are maintained by universities with broad private and public 
financial bases. A second and more recent trend has been toward intensive 
professional concentration and away from part-time legal education. Most 
of the leading law schools now require an undergraduate college education 
as preparation for law study, and a baccalaureate degree as a prerequisite 
to admission. With substantial increases in loan funds and other financial 
assistance for full-time day students, enrollment in night and part-time 
schools has decreased, and many night schools have closed. 

A third major trend, especially since World War II, has been the steady 
rise in national ranking and reputation of the graduate and professional 
colleges of the large, state-assisted universities. This advancement has re- 
sulted primarily from the large increase in funds available for public 
higher education in the United States and the relative decline in the value 
of private endowment dollars. The cost of modern science since World 
War II has been only one factor in this trend. The millions of dollars 
needed for modern research and instructional facilities in all branches of 
higher education have strained the resources of privately endowed uni- 
versities at a time when publicly assisted institutions in the populous and 
commercially important states have been able to obtain funds from broad 
tax bases to finance the requirements for modern higher education. In this 
growth pattern, the large state universities have become national and inter- 
national centers of research and education of high quality in all fields. A 
prospective student inquiring about the quality of a law school should look 
at the reputation of the whole university with which it is affiliated as strong 
evidence of the law school's own standing in the United States. 


In size, the University of Illinois is one of the largest in the world; it has 
more than 56,000 students and more than 7,000 academic faculty and 
staff, most of whom are at Ghampaign-Urbana. (Approximately 1,500 
students at Urbana-Champaign are from abroad.) In a recent representa- 
tive year, the University of Illinois awarded the fifth largest number of 


bachelor's degrees among American universities, the fourth largest numbei 
of masters degrees, and the second largest number of doctoral degrees 
(exceeded only by Columbia) . The library is the third largest collection in 
the United States; among universities it is exceeded only by the Harvard 
and Yale libraries. 

In state financial support, the University of Illinois has kept pace with the 
leading state universities of the nation. In addition to receiving large ap- 
propriations of state funds, Illinois has consistently ranked in the top five 
among public institutions in the amount of alumni contributions. In a 
recent survey of federal research support, Illinois was sixth among all uni- 
versities, topped only by California, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
Columbia, Michigan, and Harvard, in that order. 

Few formal ratings or benchmarks of quality in education or reputation 
of institutions exist. Those that do exist indicate that the various colleges 
and departments of the University of Illinois are consistently maintained 
on a high, nationally competitive level. The most recent comprehensive 
effort to evaluate the strength and standing of postgraduate education in 
American universities (not, however, including law schools) is "An Assess- 
ment of Quality in Graduate Education" by the American Council on 
Education, which appears to rate Illinois, at the very least, as one of the 
ten best-balanced, distinguished universities in the United States. 


The original campus of the University, which is also its center for graduate 
studies, was established over one hundred years ago in Urbana-Champaign, 
a community which now numbers 100,000. It is 125 miles south of Chi- 
cago, roughly the same distance from Indianapolis, and 1 75 miles northeast 
of St. Louis. Chicago is reached by regular airline flights operating non- 
stop between O'Hare-Chicago and Midway airports and the University of 
Illinois-Willard Airport, which is ten minutes by car from the College of 
Law and the main campus. Direct flights to Washington, D.C. and New 
York are also available on a regularly scheduled basis. By rail, Urbana- 
Champaign is two hours from downtown Chicago on Illinois Central 
trains. By automobile, it is two hours from Chicago via Interstate 57. 

The community offers a wide variety of intellectual, cultural, and recre- 
ational activities more readily accessible than in a large urban complex. 


Students between classes. 


Lectures, symposia, discussions, conferences, exhibits, concerts, and special 
courses and classes are regularly available to students. 

The College of Law is directly opposite the Krannert Art Museum, a 
modern museum founded by a private gift to house the University's art 
collection. Shows and exhibitions are regularly arranged, including con- 
temporary festivals for which art works are on loan from museums through- 
out the world. Also in the vicinity of the College of Law are the Memorial 
Stadium, seating 70,000 for major outdoor athletic events, and the modern 
Assembly Hall, one of the largest indoor arenas in the country, seating up 
to 18,000 for indoor athletic events and University convocations and enter- 

Many other facilities are also available for cultural and recreational activi- 
ties including the Krannert Center for the Performing Arts, two University 
golf courses, men's and women's gymnasia with indoor and outdoor track 
facilities, and the recently completed Intramural-Physical Education 


The College of Law is one of the older and better-known American law 
schools. It was established before 1900, was one of the small number of 
charter members and founders of the Association of American Law 
Schools, and was on the first national list of law schools approved by the 


American Bar Association. The law faculty, classrooms, and library are 
housed in a modern law building constructed in 1955. The enrollment of 
approximately 650 students makes it one of the larger law schools in the 
United States limited to full-time day students. 

The College of Law approaches the teaching of its students from two di- 
rections. First, it seeks to help them acquire the technical legal knowledge 
which they will need to become skilled professionals; second, it tries to en- 
able them to see the role of law in society — its interaction with other 
social forces, its uses and limitations as a means of creating social insti- 
tutions, its effectiveness as a tool enabling government to meet its people's 
needs. The goal of today's law school cannot be merely to teach "the 
law." For one thing, the law is not and cannot be static. The individual 
who is "learned in the law" is one who has developed the ability to find 
sound solutions to new problems by adapting and using, rather than merely 
echoing, the teaching of the past. Furthermore, the law is not just a set 
of rules; it is a process, a means of resolving a controversy or of solving a 
problem. The law student must master the theories and techniques of that 
process in order to deal with the constantly changing rules. 


Law schools are fairly judged by the law library 7 collection, one of the 
principal organized research tools of the legal profession. The University 
of Illinois College of Law library has an open-stack collection of over 
256,000 volumes, and is the fourteenth largest among law schools in the 
United States. In addition to its complete collection of American and 
English reports, periodicals, law services, and materials, it has an extensive 
international collection. The University of Illinois law library is one of 
sixteen in the United States designated by the Congress as a national de- 
pository for federal legal materials, including all federal legislative bills and 
reports, and it is also one of the few American law libraries designated as a 
depository by the European Community. 


The program of study at most law schools is remarkably similar in the first 
year in its emphasis on basic legal areas, such as contracts, torts, criminal 
law, procedure, and property. (See curriculum on page 41.) Special 
instruction in legal writing is given at Illinois under the direction of seven 
teaching assistants who are recent law graduates from other law schools, 


often with law review experience at such schools and frequently with ex- 
perience in law practice in different states. 

Second-year work is also somewhat similar among law schools in its em- 
phasis on constitutional law, taxation, administrative law, corporations, 
estate planning, and other advanced subjects. In the third year, classes are 
usually smaller and more specialized. The size of the Illinois law faculty 
enables the school to offer a large variety of advanced elective courses and 

There is a common misconception that state-supported law schools empha- 
size local law while private law schools stress national or international law. 
If there were ever any basis for this distinction, it has ceased to exist. No 
effort is made at the public universities to teach local law in the provincial 
sense of that term or to prepare students for local bar examinations. The 
course of study is designed to educate the student in all phases of private 
and public law. College of Law graduates are prepared to practice law 
anywhere in the United States. 


Probably the most important measure of a law school is the quality of its 
faculty. A law faculty should be well-balanced in terms of age and educa- 
tional background and should have both outstanding teachers and noted 
scholars. The College of Law currently has twenty-eight permanent faculty 
members who have received their formal training at leading academic in- 
stitutions and who range in age from the young beginning teacher fresh 
from the practice of law to the recognized expert in a particular field with 
many years of experience. The breadth of interest among faculty members 
in a wide variety of specialized areas of the law is indicated by the list of 
course offerings beginning on page 43 of this catalog. In addition to many 
books, law review articles, and other publications produced by the College 
of Law faculty each year, members of the faculty are authors of case- 
books presently in use in a number of law schools, and several other such 
casebooks are in preparation. 

Faculty members are also active in a wide variety of private and public 
projects and share the benefit of such work with their students. A num- 
ber of faculty members have been honored by selection to serve on im- 
portant national professional committees and projects in the continuing 
effort to improve the law. 


Trial advocacy. 


The College of Law has a student body as widely diversified as possible 
in educational, economic, and cultural backgrounds. This diversity en- 
hances the educational experience of all students by exposing them to dif- 
ferent points of view, traditions, and ways of approaching problems. 
Today's students are drawn from a large number of colleges and univer- 
sities across the nation. The majority of these students are Illinois residents. 
The state of Illinois, sometimes called the "most representative American 
state," itself provides as great a diversity of cultural environments from 
which to draw a student body as any in the country. The teeming millions 
of Chicago, the great suburbia of northeastern Illinois, the manufacturing 
centers, the rich farm lands, and the poverty belts of declining areas — 
each furnishes to the College of Law student personalities of a distinctive 
mold to be developed and trained in the skills and discipline of the law 
in addition to students from other parts of the nation and foreign countries. 

The academic quality of students entering the College of Law has shown 
a steady and rapid improvement over the past decade. Classes entering 
in recent years had a median score on the Law School Admission Test of 
approximately 650 and a median undergraduate grade record of B + . 

In addition, the College of Law has a program of graduate legal education 
which has been attracting an increasing number of students from foreign 
countries. In a normal academic year there are 20 to 30 foreign graduate 
students and 6 to 10 American graduate students registered. 




The education of a lawyer begins long before entry into the College of 
Law. An effective and satisfying pursuit of the profession may depend not 
only upon mastery of the scope and operation of the legal system, but also 
upon proficiency in verbal expression, comprehension of an ability to 
analyze complex subjects, understanding of the physical and social worlds 
in which we live, ability to associate and work with others, and disposition 
to accept and discharge responsibility. A law school cannot develop all 
these qualities in its students during three years of legal training. Thus, 
good law schools everywhere require substantial prelegal study as a condi- 
tion of admission to law study. This period of education before law school 
should be looked upon as a very important phase of one's preparation for 
a place in the legal profession and in society generally. A student should 
select prelegal studies for maximum benefit, not with undue regard for 
minimum requirements. 

Because prior education in diverse fields may prove valuable to the law 
student and to the graduate lawyer, the College of Law has no specific re- 
quirements with regard to the courses chosen in prelegal study. Perhaps 
the most concise, yet complete, discussion of the course work and skills 
which prelaw students would be advised to take and develop is contained 
in the Prelaw Handbook which is prepared and published by the Associa- 
tion of American Law Schools and the Law School Admission Council. 
This annual volume contains not only a wealth of helpful information on 
other subjects of interest to prelaw students, but also a complete sample 
copy of the Law School Admission Test. The Prelaw Handbook is avail- 
able at most undergraduate bookstores or may be ordered directly from 
the Law School Admission Council, Educational Testing Service, Box 944, 
Princeton, New Jersey 08540. 

It is strongly recommended (although not required) that prelaw students 
take an undergraduate course in accounting. 

A bibliography of publications of interest to prelaw students has been pre- 
pared by the college and is available upon request. 



Beginning students may enter only in the fall semester. The first-year 
courses, all of which are required and prerequisite to advanced courses, are 
offered in fall-spring sequence only. 


To be admitted to the College of Law, an applicant must have a degree 
from an approved undergraduate college and a satisfactory score on the 
Law School Admission Test. The first year class has a maximum of 225 
students. Since several times that number of applications are being received 
each year, admission is granted on a competitive basis, and it is not possible 
to determine in advance what the effective minimum requirements will be 
for a particular entering class. 

Undergraduate Grade Average. A minimum grade average of 3.5 (com- 
puted on a scale where A = 5, B = 4, C = 3, D = 2, and E = 1 ) in all 
college work taken is required in order for the applicant to be eligible for 

In computing the applicant's grade average, certain courses of a non- 
intellectual or practical nature are excluded, as are any graduate or under- 
graduate courses taken after receipt of the first baccalaureate degree. No 
special emphasis is given to the applicant's academic performance during 
the last two years of undergraduate study. 

It should be emphasized that the fact that an applicant meets the col- 
lege's minimum requirements does not mean that he or she will be ad- 
mitted. It means only that the applicant can be considered in competition 
with all other applicants for that year. 

Law School Data Assembly Service. The College of Law is participating 
in the program of the Law School Data Assembly Service, Educational 
Testing Service, Box 944, Princeton, New Jersey 08540. Each applicant 
(including those enrolled on the Urbana-Champaign campus) must 
register with LSDAS by filing the form supplied with the Law School 
Admission Test Bulletin and forwarding a transcript to LSDAS from each 
college or university attended. LSDAS will analyze the transcript and send 
a summary to the College of Law. If accepted, the student will be asked to 


submit a final transcript directly to the College of Law as evidence of 

Law School Admission Test. All applicants for admission to the College 
of Law are required to take the Law School Admission Test. The test is 
given five times a year, ordinarily in February, April, July, October, and 
December, at various centers in the United States and abroad, and is ad- 
ministered by the Educational Testing Service, Box 944, Princeton, New 
Jersey 08540. For permission to take the test, applicants should write to 
the Educational Testing Service at the address indicated, requesting an 
application blank and bulletin of information. The bulletin lists the dates 
when applications must be filed, the specific days on which the test will be 
given, and the places where the test may be taken. Applications for the 
test and the fee must be received in the office of the Testing Service in New 
Jersey not later than three weeks prior to the date of the test. 

Applicants are reminded that the Law School Admission Test must be 
taken and the score received prior to the college's March 1 application 

The Admission Decision. In deciding which applicants shall be admitted, 
these factors are considered: (1) overall undergraduate grade-point aver- 
age (including all academic courses taken prior to receipt to the first bac- 
calaureate degree) , and (2) Law School Admission Test score. 

Applications for Admission. Applications for admission should be filed 
on forms furnished by the college. Applications should be completed by 
March 1 preceding the beginning of the fall semester to which admission 
is sought in order to receive the most favorable consideration. It is the ap- 
plicant's responsibility to see that an official Law School Admission Test 
score report and transcripts of all undergraduate work are sent directly to 
the college so as to be received by that date. Applications which are com- 
pleted after March 1 may be considered if space remains in the entering 
class, but ordinarily the only late applicants who have any possibility of 
being accepted are those with outstanding records. 

Further information on admission rules and procedures is contained on the 
current application form. 

Reapplications. Except in the case of veterans, as described below, an 
acceptance to the University of Illinois College of Law is valid only for 


Hi jit; ff fj 

I J I J J 

Faculty and students meet informally in the College of Law courtyard. 

the entering class for which application is made. Applicants who, after 
being admitted and otherwise qualifying for admission, fail to appear in 
August and register with their class thereby terminate their acceptance. 
Such applicants may reapply for admission in a subsequent year, but 
must meet all admission requirements for that year and compete with all 
other applicants. 

Veterans. Applicants who applied and were accepted for admission to the 
College of Law in some prior year, but who were then unable to attend 
because of their entry into active military (or alternate) service within 
twelve months following such prior admission, will be given special con- 
sideration for admission provided they apply for the first entering class 
following the date of their discharge from active service (which must be 
no more than four years after their prior admission) and comply with all 
other current application rules and deadlines. In addition, such applicants 
must not have enrolled in any other law school since their prior admission 
to the college. 


Students who have completed not less than one year of daytime law study 
at a law school approved by the American Bar Association and a member 
of the Association of American Law Schools are eligible to apply for 
transfer to the College of Law. Credit may be given, at the discretion of 


the Admissions Committee, for up to two academic years of equivalent 
courses. When an applicant has completed more than one year of law 
study, credit will be given for courses in excess of one year only in excep- 
tional cases. No credit will be granted for courses in which the student's 
grade is below the average required for graduation at the school from 
which the student transfers. All graduation requirements of the College of 
Law must be satisfied; sometimes this involves taking one or more fresh- 
man courses which the transfer student did not take at his original school, 
or which the Admissions Committee determines not to be equivalent to 
courses previously taken. 

Transfer applications normally wall be accepted only if the applicant's 
record demonstrates that he or she is capable of doing substantially above- 
average law school work. Students who were not in good standing when 
they withdrew from the law school cannot be considered for transfer. 
Transfer applications cannot be accepted unless the applicant meets all 
current admission requirements for entering freshmen, including the re- 
quirement that the applicant has received a baccalaureate degree prior 
to beginning the study of law. Ordinarily, transfer applicants must also 
demonstrate that they w T ould have been accepted had they applied for ad- 
mission to the College of Law as entering freshmen; however, this re- 
quirement may be waived if the applicant's previous law school per- 
formance is outstanding. 

Acceptance of transfer applications is always discretionary and depends, in 
addition to the factors mentioned above, on the availability of space in the 
second-year class. During the past several years, little or no such space has 
existed, and few or no transfer applications have been accepted. 

Applications for transfer to the College of Law may be filed at any time, 
but ordinarily cannot be acted upon until the college has received: (1) 
official transcripts of all undergraduate studies and certification of degree, 
(2) an official Law School Admission Test score report, and (3) official 
transcripts of all law school work previously undertaken, showing comple- 
tion of at least one full year of law study and good academic standing. 


Students from countries in which the law is based primarily upon the 
Anglo-American common law may be granted advanced standing on the 


Supreme Court Justice Rehnquist talks with students. 

same basis as transfer students from American law schools. In some cases, 
the taking of the Law School Admission Test may be required. 

Students from countries in which the law is based primarily upon a system 
other than the Anglo-American common law may be granted advanced 
standing not in excess of one year for work satisfactorily completed in the 
study of such foreign law. Such students must submit satisfactory evidence 
of fluency in the written and spoken use of English. 


Due to the large number of qualified applicants for full-time law study at 
the College of Law, applications cannot be accepted from students enroll- 
ing for less than a full academic load. A normal load is fifteen or sixteen 
semester hours, but under certain circumstances the dean may authorize 
a twelve-hour load. In special cases, reduced loads may be authorized for 
second- and third-year students. 


A few special, joint, or cooperative programs have been arranged with 
other colleges of the University whereby students registered in those col- 
leges may elect certain specified law courses and seminars. Except for such 
cases, undergraduate students registered in other colleges ordinarily are 
not permitted to elect law courses. Upon approval of the associate dean, 


graduate students registered in other colleges may elect a limited number 
of law courses related to their field of graduate study. 


Permission to attend law classes as a listener or visitor is granted only by 
the instructor of the class with the approval of the dean and subject to the 
availability of classroom space. Persons not enrolled in the University must 
pay the visitor's fee. Due to the technical and integral nature of the law 
curriculum, it is rarely worth the time and effort to attend a particular 
class as a visitor. 


Students who withdraw from the College of Law in good standing, having 
completed at least one full semester, will be readmitted upon application. 
Students who were not in good standing when they withdrew, or who did 
not complete their first semester, must petition for readmission, the grant- 
ing of which is at the discretion of the dean and the Admissions 


Each new student may be required to present evidence of satisfactory 
physical and mental health to the director of the Health Service at the 
University. Each admitted applicant will receive a Student Health Report 
form which may be used to report pertinent medical data to the 
director of the campus Health Service. Upon the advice of a University 
Health Service physician, admission or readmission of a student may be 
denied until the student is cleared by the McKinley Health Center. 

Students transferring from the Chicago Circle or the Medical Center 
campus should request that their Student Health Report forms be trans- 
ferred by the health center on their campus. 

Military personnel may have their Student Health Report forms completed 
by a physician at their military base. 

Tuberculosis control must be exercised. During the registration period each 
new, transfer, or readmitted student must: (a) take a tuberculin skin test 
and report to the University Health Service for a reading within 48 to 72 


hours after application; or, (b) present evidence of freedom from tuber- 
culosis as evidenced by a University of Illinois or a public health agency 
certificate (skin test or x-ray) dated within the last twelve months. 

Persons who have a positive reading must have a chest x-ray taken by the 
Health Service. Persons with a history of positive reaction to tuberculin 
will not be skin tested but will be required to have a chest x-ray made by 
the Health Service. Health Service x-rays are made without charge. 

Failure to comply with the tuberculosis control requirements will result in 
cancellation of registration. 



To complete the course of study in the normal period of time, the student 
must average fifteen credit hours of study each semester for six semesters. 
Special permission is necessary for a student to register for more than 
sixteen hours. 

Because substantial participation in classroom discussion is a necessary 
part of obtaining a meaningful legal education, the student is expected 
to attend classes regularly. A student may be dropped from any course 
in which he or she has an excessive number of unexcused absences. 


Grades, awarded for all course work, are based on written examinations 
during or at the end of courses, on classroom recitations, and on exercises 
in drafting and research. The letter grades entered at the end of each 
course and the value assigned thereto in computing grade averages are as 
follows: A (5.0), high professional distinction; B+ (4.5); B (4.0), with 
professional distinction; G+ (3.5) ; C (3.0), with professional competence; 
D (2.0), with marginal professional competence (lowest passing grade) ; 
E (1.0), with deficient professional competence. 

In a small number of courses, the grades given are "Satisfactory" or "Un- 
satisfactory." Course credit is given for a grade of "Satisfactory," and de- 


nied for a grade of "Unsatisfactory," but such grades do not enter into 
computation of the student's grade-point average. 

Students are considered to be on probation any time their grade average 
in all law work taken is below 3.0. 

A student in the College of Law will be dropped from the University if: 
(1) at the end of the first year of residence he or she has not secured a 
cumulative average of 3.0; (2) at the end of any subsequent year of 
residence, except the final year, he or she has failed to secure an average of 
3.0 in all law work taken up to that time; (3) the student has failed in 
any semester to pass at least eight hours of the work in which he or she is 
registered; (4) in a semester when the student is registered for fewer 
than eight hours he or she has not passed all courses. A student who at the 
end of the final year has failed to secure an average of 3.0 in all law work 
taken in this University will be permitted to continue in this college only 
by special permission granted on petition. 

To attain the degree of Juris Doctor (J.D.), a candidate must 

( 1 ) Study law in residence at an approved law school for a minimum 
period equal to ninety full weeks; 

(2) Secure passing grades in ninety semester hours of law courses; 

(3) Complete all required courses as set forth on page 41; and 

(4) Attain a weighted grade average of at least C (3.0) in credits 
obtained in law courses taken in this University. 


A student enrolled in the College of Law may earn up to six semester hours 
of credit toward the Juris Doctor degree in courses taken in other 
colleges of this University. In order to receive such credit, the student must 
secure approval in advance from the dean and a faculty member whose 
teaching specialties are related to the subject matter of the nonlaw course. 
Such approval is granted only if the course is determined to be closely re- 
lated to the student's educational and professional objectives. Further 
requirements are : ( 1 ) the course must be graduate level or 300-level under- 
graduate; (2) first-year students and students on probation are not per- 
mitted to elect such courses; (3) a minimum grade of B must be obtained 
in the course in order to receive law school credit; (4) the credit applies to 


law school graduation requirements but grades are not counted in the stu- 
dent's law average; and (5) students must submit a written evaluation or 
critique at the end of the course. 

Law students are permitted to elect nonlaw courses for which they do 
not seek law school credit, in which case the restrictions and conditions 
stated above do not apply. 



A student who has complied with the requirements for the degree of 
Juris Doctor and who has attained in all work done in courses offered in 
the College of Law and presented for the degree the average grade speci- 
fied below, may be recommended by the University Senate for honors 
as follows: for an average grade of not less than 4.35, graduation with 
honors; for an average grade of not less than 4.75, graduation with high 
honors. The honors conferred are noted upon the diploma and the com- 
mencement program. 


The Order of the Coif is a national honorary law fraternity which was 
founded at the University of Illinois in 1902 as Theta Kappa Nu. Elec- 
tion to this order is one of the highest honors which can be bestowed 
upon a law student. At the present time over fifty law schools throughout 
the country have been granted charters establishing local chapters. Each 
year the local chapters elect to membership from the highest ten per- 
cent of the senior class those students who are deemed qualified. 


A Board of Student Editors prepares and edits with the advice of the 
faculty the University of Illinois Law Forum, a quarterly legal periodical. 
Members of the board are selected primarily from those standing high in 
their class who, after a period as candidates for the board, have proven 
themselves capable of engaging in effective legal research, analysis, and 
writing. Work on the Forum is an important part of the educational pro- 
gram of the College of Law and affords the student a type of training 


which is a desirable supplement to the regular course work. Membership 
on the Board of Student Editors is a high honor as well as an indication 
that the student has received uniquely valuable training as a legal scholar. 


In 1934, Judge O. A. Harker, who for a period of fourteen years was 
dean of the college, endowed annual prizes to the senior law student 
making the highest average grade in law subjects during his or her entire 
course and to the junior law student making the highest average grade in 
all law subjects taken up to the end of his or her junior year. This fund 
was augmented in 1955 in memory of Judge Harker by his son, O. A. 
Harker, Jr. 

Mrs. Henry Waterman has established an annual prize in memory 
of her husband, Henry Waterman, who for many years practiced law 
in Illinois. From this sum awards are made to the winners of the Moot- 
Court Competition. 

The law student who makes the most valuable contribution to the extra- 
curricular program of the College of Law is selected each year by a 
specially designated faculty committee and awarded the Outstanding Ser- 
vice Plaque. Competition for this award, established by Delta Theta Phi, is 
open to all law students. 



The Student Bar Association of the College of Law is the official all- 
student organization. It is responsible for the student government of the 
college and for the various student activities and projects. Committees are 
in charge of such matters as new student orientation, the lectures program, 
the legal research bureau, and social gatherings. The Student Bar Associa- 
tion selects student representatives for most College of Law committees, 
including Bar Admissions, Community Involvement, Curriculum, Disci- 
pline, Equal Educational Opportunity, Evaluation and Improvement of 
Teaching, Graduate and International Studies, Lectures, Library, Place- 
ment Advisory, Building, and Student Affairs. The Student Bar Associa- 
tion is an affiliate of the Illinois State Bar Association, which entitles 


*** '-P 

Moot court competition. 

student members to many of the privileges of membership in the latter 
organization. This brings students into closer contact with the active bar 
of the state and promotes a consciousness of professional responsibility. 
Students may also become affiliate members of the American Bar Associa- 
tion through its Law Student Division. A Student Bar Wives Club sponsors 
projects and activities throughout the year. 

The Honor System. Since students in the college are preparing for ca- 
reers in a profession which demands honesty and integrity, high standards 
of student conduct are required. The college operates under an honor 
system, one feature of which is that all examinations are unproctored. Vio- 
lations of the college's ethics code or University regulations governing 
student conduct are referred to a faculty-student discipline committee. 


The Frederick Green Moot Court Competition is conducted by the student 
members of the Moot Court Board, assisted by a faculty adviser. All 
second-year students in good standing are eligible to compete in the fall 
semester, and four students are ultimately selected to participate in the 
final arguments the succeeding spring. The final arguments are heard by 
a distinguished court consisting of federal judges. In 1973, the presiding 
justice was Mr. Justice Rehnquist of the Supreme Court of the United 
States. Participating students receive one hour of academic credit for each 
round of the competition. Students who compete in the final argument 


also receive cash awards from the Henry Waterman Prize. They then make 
up the college's entry in the National Moot Court Competition the follow- 

ing fall. 


The Caveat is a newspaper owned, written, and published by law students. 
Appearing five or six times per year, it reports the news of the college and 
acts as a sounding board for faculty and student views. 


The Student Research Bureau performs legal research and analysis in 
response to problems submitted by practicing lawyers, state agencies, and 
other groups. The bureau is completely staffed and supervised by stu- 
dents, who are compensated for their work out of fees charged for this 


Opportunities exist for law students to obtain actual legal experience 
through the Program of Community Involvement. A faculty member 
directs this program with the assistance of a third-year student coordinator. 
Students participate in the work of the Land of Lincoln Legal Assistance 
Foundation, the state's attorney, the public defender, and other public 
agencies. Opportunities also exist for summer employment in other cities, 
providing legal assistance to community organizations. In most cases, law 
school credit is given for work done under this program. (See course de- 
scription for Law 395, Clinical Training.) In addition, opportunities for 
practical experience outside the classroom are an integral part of some of 
the regular academic courses. 

Under a rule adopted by the Illinois Supreme Court, senior law students 
are authorized to perform certain legal services under the supervision of a 
lawyer, including the preparation of legal documents and actual court 
appearances on behalf of clients. This feature greatly adds to the value of 
participation in one of the community involvement programs. 


The Black Law Student Association provides special programs and activi- 
ties for the college's growing number of black students. Its efforts are 


mainly directed toward black student orientation and organization, both 
within the college and in the local black community. 


The International Law Society seeks to promote interest in and under- 
standing of the subject of international law. Its activities include the spon- 
sorship of guest speakers in this area, activities involving the bringing to- 
gether of American and foreign law students, and the promotion of legal 
writing on this subject. 


The Women Law Students organization deals with the problems of women, 
both in the College of Law and in the profession. Its efforts currently are 
directed toward discriminatory employment practices and the status of 
women under the law. 


College of Law students are eligible to become student members of the 
National Lawyers Guild, an association which provides legal assistance to 
persons and groups which advocate radical change in the structure of our 
political and economic system. 


Two national law fraternities — Phi Alpha Delta and Phi Delta Phi — 
are active at the University. These organizations do not maintain houses 
but they do earn- on organized programs for their members, including lun- 
cheons, dinners, talks by leading members of the bar, and discussion groups. 


The Recent Decisions Section of the Illinois Bar Journal represents a 
unique opportunity for second- and third-year students to exercise their 
skills in legal research and writing. Pursuant to an agreement between the 
law school and the Illinois State Bar Association, the student editorial 
board selects articles for publication in this monthly journal. These articles, 
which discuss the ramifications of recent court decisions, can be submitted 
by any student in good standing. 


Miss Marian Martin, Registrar of the College of Law. 
Professor Young conversing with Chief Justice Underwood. 



Programs of graduate study in law are offered to those who wish to 
deepen their understanding of the science and philosophy of law and to 
contribute to the fund of legal knowledge by the completion of original 
research. The program may be undertaken in preparation for a career 
in teaching, practice, or other field of service. 

Graduate students should plan their programs in conference with the Of- 
fice of Graduate and International Legal Studies of the College of Law 
and adapt their course of study to their individual needs. In all cases it 
must include an original research project, which may constitute a sub- 
stantial part of the student's work. The research topic may be chosen from 
a wide field. The candidate may examine an area of law in a manner which 
is primarily analytical, functional, historical, or ethical, or may base his or 
her research on published decisions, on direct observation of legal activities, 
on statistical records, or on other data. The study is conducted with the 
advice and supervision of one or more members of the faculty of the col- 
lege. A candidate should, as far as possible, choose a field of research and 
ascertain the availability of faculty advisers in this field before the opening 
of the school year. 


A student whose undergraduate study in law has been in systems based on 
the Anglo-American common law is eligible to apply for candidacy for the 
degree of Master of Laws or Doctor of the Science of Law. A foreign 
lawyer whose prior law study has been in a system which is not based on 
the Anglo-American common law is eligible to apply for candidacy for 
the degree of Master of Comparative Law, or, in exceptional cases, for 
candidacy for the LL.M. or J.S.D. degrees. The M.C.L. program is de- 
signed to develop facility in the comparative method and to prepare a 
foreign lawyer to deal knowledgeably with Anglo-American problems. 

Graduate students register in the Graduate College and upon successful 
completion of their programs of study are awarded the degree of Master 
of Laws (LL.M.), the degree of Master of Comparative Law (M.C.L.) , or 
the degree of Doctor of the Science of Law (J.S.D.) . 

Candidates for the M.C.L. degree may elect their course programs from all 
of the courses listed in this catalog. Candidates for the LL.M. or J.S.D. 
degree must elect their course programs from the courses offered in the 
second- or third-year curriculum. 

Specialization in Soviet Law. A student who possesses proficiency in the 
Russian language adequate to do original research in the field of Soviet 
law may, with additional work in other areas, satisfy the requirements 
both for a graduate degree in law and for the Certificate of Graduate 
Specialization awarded by the Center for Russian and East European 
Studies under a cooperative program. 


For admission to graduate work as candidate for a degree, an applicant 
must have received a first degree in law from a law school approved by 
the University of Illinois and present evidence of ability to do satisfactory 
work at the graduate level. Except under very exceptional circumstances 
(to be evaluated by the Office of Graduate and International Legal 
Studies of the College of Law), no student is admitted as a candidate for 
any of the graduate degrees without a minimum grade average in all law 
work previously undertaken of 4.0 or the equivalent. An applicant for the 
doctor's degree must also present evidence that he or she has the capacity 
for independent research. Ordinarily this requirement may be met by the 
submission of satisfactory evidence of legal writing done either before or 
after receipt of the applicant's first law degree. 






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Professor Findley and students review supportive materials for a statement made in class. 

An applicant from another country must likewise have obtained a first 
degree in law and achieved an academic record which is regarded as 
equivalent, by the College of Law, to a 4.0 average at the University of 
Illinois. A student whose native tongue is not English must, in addition, 
demonstrate sufficient fluency in the written and spoken use of English to 
benefit from study in the United States. For this reason the University of 
Illinois requires that such students take and pass with satisfactory results 
the "Test of English as a Foreign Language" (TOEFL). This test is ad- 
ministered in the student's home community, and the student should ar- 
range for it, as early as possible, by writing directly to: Test of English as 
a Foreign Language, Educational Testing Service, Princeton, New Jersey 
08540, U.S.A. 


To receive a degree for graduate study, candidates must spend at least 
one year in residence. They must follow a course program meeting the 
requirements of the Graduate College and approved by the Office of Grad- 
uate and International Legal Studies of the College of Law. This program 
must consist of at least eight units of graduate work, of which at least two 
units must be in research if the student is a candidate for the master's 
degree, and four units in research if the student is a candidate for the 
doctor's degree. With permission of the College of Law and of the Gradu- 
ate College, a candidate for the master's degree may pursue up to four 


units in research. A candidate must secure a grade average of 3.5 for the 
master's degree and 4.0 for the doctor's degree. He or she must submit a 
satisfactory thesis, which for the master's degree may be submitted during 
the year of residence or at any time within five calendar years after his 
first registration in the Graduate College. The candidate for the doctor's 
degree must submit his or her thesis between one and five years after the 
year in residence and must pass a final oral examination. Course work 
done at the University of Illinois in fulfillment of requirements for the 
master's degree may also be credited to requirements for the doctor's 


Each year the College of Law appoints seven highly qualified law gradu- 
ates as teaching assistants for the academic year. The teaching assistants 
assume primary teaching responsibility for two first-year courses: Legal 
Writing and Research, which is offered in the first semester and is de- 
signed to develop skills in research and writing; and Moot Court, which 
consists of brief writing and oral argument in the first-round moot court 
competition. Teaching assistants may, at the same time, pursue a program 
of graduate study, but must reduce their elections to 2 3 /4 units per semester 
in view of their teaching duties. The LL.M. degree can therefore be earned 
in two semesters and a summer session. The compensation for teaching 
fellows consists of a stipend of $8,573 and exemption from tuition and fees 
for the academic year and the subsequent summer. Applications for teach- 
ing assistantships, together with supporting documents, should be sub- 
mitted as early as possible, and at the latest by February 15 of the preceding 
academic year. 



As of August 22, 1973, the following fees are payable each semester by 
both graduate and undergraduate students who are registered for a full 
program : 

Amount per 
Tuition fee Semester 

Law students who are residents of Illinois $248.00 

Law students who are not residents of Illinois 743.00 

Required fees 190.00 



The law library is among the finest in the nation. It is particularly well known for the easy 
accessibility of its collection. 


Student budgets vary greatly. Certain items of expense are uniform for 
all students, but other expenses, such as clothing, travel, and recreation, 
may differ. Some students live in cooperative houses or share private 
apartments with kitchen facilities and thereby reduce the cost of room and 
board. It is estimated that the average student who is an Illinois resident 
will operate close to one of the following budgets for the nine-month 1974- 
75 academic year: 

Single Student 

Tuition and fees $ 686 

Textbooks and supplies 215 

Room and board 1,100 

AAiscellaneous 552 

Total, two semesters $2,553 

Students who attend the summer session 

(both terms) add approximately $ 600 

\arried Student 

(No children) 

$ 686 






Students who are not Illinois residents should add $970 ($1,300 if attend- 
ing summer school) of additional tuition cost to the above figures. Tuition 
and other costs are, of course, subject to change from year to year. 


Through the generosity of many alumni and friends, the College of Law 
offers a program of financial aid to its students. In addition to this pro- 


gram, there are benefits under the peacetime G. I. Bill, tuition waivers for 
Illinois residents who have undergone military service, and General 
Assembly and other scholarships for which any student registered in the 
University may apply. Information about these may be obtained from the 
Director of Student Financial Aid, Room 420, Student Services Building, 
Champaign, Illinois 61820. 


The college has a program designed to increase the opportunities for legal 
education for individuals who are members of groups which have en- 
countered economic and educational discrimination in our society. Stu- 
dents who are members of such a group may be eligible for admission as 
an Illinois Equal Opportunity Law Fellow. 


Entering students who are beginning their law studies may apply for a 
scholarship or a student loan. Scholarships are awarded (to those who 
show sufficient need) on the basis of undergraduate grade records, Law 
School Admission Test scores, and other relevant factors. The amount of 
the scholarship depends upon the need shown and the funds available. 
Ordinarily these grants are renewed for the second and third year of legal 
study if the student maintains a good academic record (ordinarily a B 
average) and has continuing financial need. 

Long-Term Loans. Also available to incoming students are educational 
loans which may be repaid beginning at some period after graduation. 
These loans are obtained from various funds including Illinois Guaranteed 
Loans, National Defense Education Act loans, University of Illinois Long- 
Term Loan Funds, United Student Aid Fund moneys, and American Bar 
Association funds. In addition, a limited amount of money is available to 
law students at very favorable terms through funds provided by the 
Edward Arthur Mellinger Educational Foundation, Inc., of Monmouth, 
Illinois. Information regarding long-term loans is available from the Direc- 
tor of Student Financial Aid, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 
Room 420, Student Services Building, Champaign, Illinois 61820. 

Sources of Scholarship Funds. The following funds and memorials have 
been established by the University and by alumni and friends of the Col- 
lege of Law : 


University Scholarships. Tuition plus $250. 

Law School Fund Scholarships. Supported by annual gifts from College 
of Law alumni and friends. 

Albert J. Harno Memorial Scholarships. An endowment fund established 
by alumni and friends in honor of the late Albert J. Harno, dean of the 
College of Law from 1922 to 1957. 

Lott R. Herrick Memorial Scholarships. An endowment fund created in 
1951 in memory of a justice of the Supreme Court of Illinois (1933-37) 
by his family. 

Chicago Title and Trust Company Foundation Scholarships. Funded by 
annual gifts from the Foundation. 

Franklin H. Boggs Memorial Scholarships. Provided since 1967 by an- 
nual gifts from Mrs. Elizabeth Boggs Meadows in memory of her father, 
a judge. 

Hiram W. Belnap Memorial Scholarship. An endowment fund created 
in 1969 by Nuel D. Belnap, class of 1916, in honor of his father. 


Students who have completed one or more years of law study may apply 
for financial assistance, grants, and long-term loans. Such grants, limited in 
amount, are interest-free and carry a moral obligation to repay when the 
student is able to do so, following his graduation. No note need be signed. 
The criteria for the award are: (1) financial need, and (2) educational 
loans already outstanding. This program is designed to supplement the 
various loan programs already available to College of Law students. 
Scholastic achievement is not a consideration, although grants cannot be 
made to students not in good standing. Funds for this program are con- 
tributed by College of Law alumni and friends. 


Fellowships. Fellowships for graduate study are available for qualified 
applicants from the United States and other countries. The number and 
amount of these awards are fixed by the Office of Graduate and Interna- 
tional Legal Studies with regard to the experience and needs of the ap- 


In recent years the College of Law has been able to offer stipends ranging 
from $1,350 to $3,750 to highly qualified people. The attractiveness of 
these grants is enhanced by reason of the fact that fellowship holders are 
not required to pay tuition and certain other fees. 

Applications for financial aid should be submitted as early as possible and, 
at the latest, by January 31 of the preceding year. 

Teaching Assistantships. Annually seven highly qualified law graduates 
are appointed as teaching assistants in the College of Law at a stipend of 
$8,573 for the academic year and subsequent summer. Additionally, recip- 
ients of these grants are exempt from tuition and fees during the period of 
their appointment. The teaching assistants' schedules are arranged to per- 
mit them to satisfy the residence requirements for a graduate degree within 
one calendar year. Teaching assistantships are also described in the section 
on graduate study in this catalog. Applications for the appointments should 
be submitted as early as possible, and at the latest by February 15 of the 
preceding academic year. 

Scandinavian Fellowship Program. A special program of graduate study 
is provided for outstanding students from each of the five Scandinavian 
countries — Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. Applica- 
tions should be filed directly with the College of Law or with the selection 
committee of the country of the applicant's residence. These committees 

Danmark-Amerika Fondet 
Nytorv 9, Copenhagen, Denmark 

Finnish Committee on Study and Training in the United States 
Satamakatu 2 A 7, Helsinki, Finland 

United States Educational Foundation in Iceland 
Laugaveg 13, Reykjavik, Iceland 

Norway-America Association 
Kirkegt. 15, Oslo, Norway 

Sverige-Amerika Stiftelsen 
Grevturegatan 14, Stockholm, Sweden 


Dean Cribbet. 


The study of the law makes such demands upon the student's time and 
energy that it is generally inadvisable for one to undertake earning a major 
part of one's living expenses during the school year. 

An employment bureau is maintained by the Office of the Dean of Students 
of the University to advise and aid students in securing part-time employ- 
ment. Application should be made in person at that office at Room 420, 
Student Services Building. No charge is made for the service of the bureau. 

A few positions are available in the College of Law itself. These include 
jobs in the College of Law library, jobs as research assistants to members 
of the faculty, and jobs as administrative assistants to members of the 
administrative staff. Ordinarily these jobs are not available to first-semester 
freshmen. Information may be obtained from the assistant dean. 


The College of Law maintains an active placement service both for stu- 
dents who are seeking initial employment and for alumni who are inter- 
ested in relocating. The service is under the supervision of an assistant 
dean. The purpose of the placement service is twofold. First, it provides 
counseling and information to law students concerning the variety of 
opportunities which they might consider. Secondly, it acts as a clearing- 
house of information for employers and prospective employees alike. More 
detailed information concerning the placement service may be obtained 
through the college office. 


Associate Dean LaFave, Professor Hawkland, and Assistant Professor Nowak. 


The University of Illinois College of Law Alumni Association, consisting 
of former students and the faculty of the College of Law, was formally 
organized in 1926. The object of this association is to "foster a spirit of 
loyalty and fraternity among the graduates and former students of the 
College of Law of the University of Illinois and to effect united action in 
promoting the welfare of the College of Law." The association affords a 
means by which the college may maintain contact with its former students 
and by which they may maintain contact with the college and with each 
other. The annual meeting of the Alumni Association is held at the Col- 
lege of Law each spring, a homecoming meeting each fall, and regional 
luncheons and dinners are scheduled from time to time in various cities. 


The curriculum of the college, as set out below, is subject to change. The 
faculty of the College of Law is currently considering a number of possible 
alterations in the present curriculum. Consult the Course Counseling 
Handbook (available in the law library) for the most recent changes. 


The first year of law study consists of the following required courses: 




Law 301 — Contracts A 3 

Law 303 — Torts A 2 

Law 302 — Contracts B 3 

Law 304 — Torts B 3 




Professor Stone, Professor Frampton, and Professor O'Connell. 




Law 307 — Property A 3 

Law 31 1 — Procedure A 3 

Law 309 — Criminal Law 3 

Law 315 — Legal Writing and Research . . .2 

Law 308 — Property B 3 

Law 312 — Procedure B 3 

Law 334 — Criminal Procedure 2 

Law 316 — Moot Court 2 

Law 310, Constitutional Law, is also required for graduation. This course 
is normally elected in the second year. 

It is recommended that students who have had no college accounting take 
the course in Legal Accounting, Law 357, or an undergraduate course, 
Fundamentals of Accounting (Accountancy 201), as an aid to understand- 
ing the materials in the courses in Corporations, Income Taxation, Taxa- 
tion of Business Enterprises, and Business Planning. (No College of Law 
graduation credit is given for Accountancy 201.) 


Except for Constitutional Law, all courses taken during the student's sec- 
ond and third years are elective. At the present time, the college has no 
official list of recommended second- and third-year courses. In order for 
students to plan their last two years of law study so that they will be most 
beneficial to them, they should seek guidance from the Course Counseling 
Handbook (available in the law library) and from their adviser or some 
other member of the faculty. 


The summer session consists of two five-and-one-half week terms begin- 
ning early in June and ending late in August. Students may elect to attend 


Professor Benfield, Associate Professor Costonis, and Associate Professor Morgan. 

either the first session^ or the second session which begins in July, or both. 
Up to five hours of credit can be earned in each session, and a wide variety 
of second- and third-year courses are offered. For a specific listing of the 
courses offered in a particular session, write to the dean of the College of 
Law during the spring semester prior to the summer session in question. 


Following is a description of all courses currently offered in the College of 
Law. The credit value in semester hours for each course is shown by 
the number in parentheses. 


301-302. Contracts A and B. Offer and acceptance, consideration, seals, Statute 
of Frauds, third-party beneficiaries, assignment, conditions, impossibility, an- 
ticipatory repudiation, and discharge; contract and quasi-contract distinguished, 
and measure of damages for each. (6). Mr. Benfield, Mr. Costonis, Mr. Hay, Mr. 
Maggs, and Mr. Reisner. 

303-304. Torts A and B. Basic course in civil wrongs, including intentional torts 
(such as assault and battery), products liability, tort liability of owners and oc- 
cupiers of land, libel and slander, unfair commercial practices, and the impact 
of insurance on tort liability. (5). Mr. Lee, Mr. O'Connell, and Mr. Veitch. 

307-308. Property A and B. The concept of property, acquisition of private 
property, recognized property interests (personal, real, estates in land), gratu- 
itous transfer of property interests, commercial transfers (sale, lease), the use 
of property. (6). Mr. Cribbet, Mr. Findley, Mr. Morgan, and Mr. Plager. 


Professor Cohn, Professor Quick, and Professor Young. 

309. Criminal Law. The sources and purposes of the criminal law; the mean- 
ing of criminal responsibility; the characteristics of particular crimes. (3). Mr. 
Bowman and Mr. LaFave. 

311-312. Procedure A and B. A study of modern civil litigation and its historic 
development, including structure and jurisdiction of the judicial system, plead- 
ing and parties, pretrial proceedings, trial of the action, relationship between 
judge and jury, verdicts and judgments, and appellate review. (6). Mr. Broun, 
Mr. Casad, and Mr. Stone. 

315. Legal Writing and Research. Emphasis on development and improvement 
of skills in legal analysis, writing, and research. Assignments consist primarily of 
preparation of legal memoranda based on the students' own research. (2). Mr. 
Morgan and teaching assistants. 

316. Moot Court. Further training in legal writing with principal emphasis on 
the preparation of an appellate brief. (2). Mr. Morgan and teaching assistants. 

334. Criminal Procedure. Problems in the administration of criminal justice, 
with emphasis upon the right to counsel and other aids for indigent defendants; 
arrest, search, eavesdropping, interrogation, lineups, and other police practices; 
the scope and administration of exclusionary rules; the prosecutor's discretion 
and negotiated guilty pleas. (2). Mr. Bowman and Mr. LaFave. 


310. Constitutional Law. The powers of the Congress and the states in the 
federal system; individual rights protected by the Constitution. (4). Mr. Gold- 
berg, Mr. Nowak, Mr. Quick, and Mr. Reisner. 


317. Moot Court Board. Preparation of an appellate brief; presentation of an 


appellate oral argument; participation in intramural, state, national, or inter- 
national moot court competition. May be repeated for a maximum of four se- 
mesters. (1). Mr. Morgan. 

320. Business Associations. Legal problems of the principal-agent relationship 
and the allocation of control, profits, and risks in business enterprises, including 
partnerships and corporations. (3). Mr. Frampton and Mr. Painter. 

322. Commercial Law I. A study of the major problems involved in the ex- 
change of goods and commercial paper with special emphasis upon the history 
and interpretation of the Uniform Commercial Code as it affects commercial 
transactions. (4). Mr. Benfield and Mr. Hawkland. 

323. Administrative Law. The functions of administrative tribunals in federal, 
state, and municipal government, the procedure before such administrative tri- 
bunals, and judicial relief from administrative decisions. (3). Mr. Cohn. 

324. Corporations. Legal problems of financing corporate business, regulating 
corporate management power and corporate securities transactions, and control 
and structural problems in nonprofit corporate undertakings. (3). Mr. Framp- 
ton and Mr. Painter. 

326. Evidence. Principles governing the competency of witnesses and the ad- 
missibility of evidence. (3). Mr. Broun, Mr. Casad, and Mr. Quick. 

328. Income Taxation. A study of federal income tax problems relating to 
business and investment transactions. Subjects treated include the concept of 
taxable income, allowable deductions, accounting for income and deductions, 
capital gains, partnership operations, corporate distributions and reorganizations, 
and tax procedure. (4). Mr. McCord and Mr. Young. 

329. Decedents' Estates and Trusts. A study of the gratuitous disposition of 
property by intestacy, by will, and by inter vivos gifts and trusts, including ad- 
ministration of decedents' estates and trusts. (3). Mr. Lopatka and Mr. Nowak. 

330. Restitution. Contractual and quasi-contractual remedies (both legal and 
equitable) available because of duress, fraud, innocent misrepresentation, mis- 
take, illegality, and economic compulsion in the formation and discharge of 
contracts and transactions. (3). Mr. Casad. 

331. Legislation. A study of legislative policies and procedures, of legislation 
as a source of law, of types of statutes and their structure, and of the problems 
of interpretation. (3). Mr. Cohn. 

332. Patent Law. Historical development of protection of ideas, inventions, and 
discoveries; patentability; securing the patent; amendment and correction of 
patents; infringement remedies, defenses, and procedures. (2). Mr. Maggs. 


Professor Hess, Professor Findley, and Professor Bowman. 

333. Family Law. The creation and dissolution of the family, and legal relation- 
ships within the family, including those between illegitimate and natural parent 
and those created by adoption; marriage, divorce, annulment, separation, illegiti- 
macy, adoption, rights of child custody, support, property, inheritance, and 
related rights; the legal rules in their social setting; the appropriateness of the 
adversary system in family litigation; legal ethics. (3). Mr. Krause. 

335. Securities Regulation. Problems arising under federal securities laws ad- 
ministered by the Securities and Exchange Commission, as well as "blue sky" 
or state securities laws, with emphasis upon statutory and regulatory require- 
ments imposed in connection with corporate financing. (2). Mr. Frampton and 
Mr. Painter. 

336. Unfair Trade Practices. The regulation of competitive business behavior 
at common law and under federal and state statutes; trademarks, copyrights, 
design patents, trade secrets, protection of ideas, commercial disparagement, 
false advertising, price discrimination. (3). Mr. Maggs. 

337. Commercial Law II. Selected problems under the Uniform Commercial 
Code in modern commercial banking law and practice. ( 2 ) . Mr. Hawkland. 

339. Conflict of Laws. Problems of conflict of laws involving jurisdiction of 
courts; judgments; torts and workmen's compensation; contracts; property; 
family law; administration of estates; business organizations; governmental 
activities. (3). Mr. Hay, Mr. Lopatka, and Mr. Stone. 

340. Urban Government. The law governing the structure, powers, and opera- 
tion of local governments in urban and suburban areas with analysis of political, 
economic, and social implications. (3). Mr. Costonis. 

341. Natural Resources. Problems in the use of water, air, and land resources. 
The emphasis is on water resources management and on important issues in the 
general area of environmental protection. (3). Mr. Findley. 


342. Real Estate Financing. Methods of financing land acquisition and resi- 
dential and commercial development, including publicly owned or subsidized 
housing. (3). Mr. Findley. 

343. Admiralty. Admiralty and maritime jurisidiction; the maritime lien; car- 
riage of goods; salvage; general average; collision; claims of seamen; limitation 
of liability; application of state law; sovereign responsibility; choice of law. (3). 
(Not given every year.) 

344. Creditors' Rights. Creditors' remedies less drastic than bankruptcy liquida- 
tion: common-law compositions and other creditors' agreements; enforcement 
of judgments in state courts; fraudulent conveyances; assignments for the bene- 
fit of creditors. Remedies of the delinquent debtor and his creditors under the 
federal Bankruptcy Act. (3). Mr. Hawkland and Mr. Lee. 

345. Civil and Political Rights. A study of some of the basic problems in the 
relation of the individual to government and in the protection of rights of 
minority groups. (2). Mr. Reisner. 

346. Future Interests. A study of the validity and effect of gratuitous disposi- 
tions of assets in which enjoyment is postponed, restrained, or long continued; 
classification of future interests; construction; powers of appointment: rule 
against perpetuities and related restrictions. (3). Mr. Nowak. 

347. Labor Law I. The establishment of the collective bargaining relationship; 
the negotiation and administration of the collective bargaining agreement; 
strikes, boycotts, and picketing; the relationship between the individual and the 
union. (3). Mr. Goldberg and Air. Lopatka. 

348. International Law. The nature, sources, and subjects of international law, 
its place in the control of international society, and an examination of the law 
of jurisdiction, territory, recognition, and succession of states, rights and im- 
munities of states in foreign course, diplomatic immunities, treaties, and protec- 
tion of citizens abroad. (3). Mr. Costonis. 

349. State and Local Taxation. Proper and improper purposes of taxation; the 
general property tax and its administration; taxpayers' remedies; excise taxes on 
business concerns and transactions; problems of jurisdiction to tax. (2). Mr. 

350. Government Regulation. Regulatory control of business activity: restriction 
of entry; price, service, and wage regulation; control of price and service 
discrimination under the Robinson-Patman Act. (3). Mr. Maggs and Mr. 

351. Jurisprudence. The place of law in society, the goals and methods of law, 
the nature of law, relation of law and social science. (3). (Not given every 


352. Taxation of Gratuitous Transfers. Various tax problems encountered in 
the distribution of wealth by inter vivos and testamentary disposition, including 
a study of federal estate and gift taxes, the Illinois inheritance tax, problems 
in the assignment of income, and federal income taxes upon estates and trusts. 
(2). Mr. Nowak and Mr. Young. 

353. Business Planning. Examination of planning situations wherein tax, cor- 
porations, corporate finance, securities regulation, and accounting materials are 
interrelated. Organization of close corporations and public companies, corpo- 
rate distributions and recapitalizations, sale of corporate businesses, corporate 
acquisitions and mergers, and corporate separations. (4). Mr. Frampton, Mr. 
McCord, and Mr. Painter. 

355. Antitrust Law. Control of restrictive business practices and monopolies 
under the Sherman, Clayton, and Federal Trade Commission Acts. (3). Mr. 

356. Federal Courts. The federal judicial system; relationship of federal and 
state law; jurisdiction of federal courts and their relation to state tribunals. (3). 
Mr. Stone. 

357. Legal Accounting. An examination and analysis of accounting principles 
and practices in relation to law. This course is open to students who have had 
not more than one year of college accounting. ( 2 ) . Mr. Young. 

358. Modern Social Legislation. An examination of the legal structure and 
underlying economic and social policies of income maintenance programs and 
proposed reforms. Principal consideration is given to public assistance, old age, 
survivors' and disability insurance under the Social Security Act, unemploy- 
ment insurance, workmen's compensation, and private pension plans. (3). Mr. 

359. Legal History. The development of the common-law system in England 
and America: the origin and growth of English legal thought, legal doctrine, and 
legal institutions; the history of real property, contracts, and torts; the origin 
and development of courts, legislation, equity, the doctrine of precedent; the 
evolution of the legal profession; the reception of the common law in America. 
(3). (Xot given every year.) Mr. Veitch. 

360. Legal Drafting and Law Office Practice. A practical course on the draft- 
ing of legal documents; a study of the organization and management of a law 
office. (2). Mr. Mamer. 

362. Trial Advocacy. An examination of problems of advocacy and tactics at 
the trial level, together with the litigation of a case culminating in a trial before 
a judge and jury. (3). Mr. Baker and Mr. Broun. 


363. Environmental Law. The regulatory aspects of environmental law; exam- 
ination of the major areas of governmental control — air pollution, water pol- 
lution, noise pollution, solid waste disposal; the roles of federal and state gov- 
ernments; the operation of environmental impact statement procedures; citizen 
participation; private remedies. (3). Mr. Plager. 

364. Urban Planning and Land Use Regulation. An examination of the legal 
and administrative aspects of land development and regulation in an urban 
society. Attention is given to the techniques and problems of planning; the tools of 
plan effectuation, such as zoning, subdivision regulation, renewal and redevelop- 
ment, housing programs; and to the allocation of decision-making functions 
among various levels of government. (3). Mr. Plager. 

365. Taxation of Business Enterprises. Selected problems relating to partners 
and partnerships, corporations, and shareholders. (3). Mr. McCord and Mr. 

369. Soviet Law. An examination of Soviet conceptions of the role of law as 
evidenced both in theory and in practice. Emphasis on highlights of Soviet law, 
with comparison to the common-law and civil-law traditions. Study of Soviet 
court and legislative materials to determine characteristic pattern with respect 
to: constitution and administration, the relation of the individual with the state 
and with society, legal regulation of property and productive institutions, private 
relationships, and international law. (2). Mr. Maggs. 

370. Labor Law II. Advanced problems in the law of industrial relations with 
particular emphasis on the negotiation and administration of the collective 
bargaining agreement; the relation between the individual and the union. (2). 
(Not given every year.) 

371. Seminar in Selected Legal Problems. Application of the methods and 
materials of legal research to legal problems in an area of the student's own 
selection. Each student investigates a topic approved by the instructor. The 
results of his investigation are presented orally to the class for discussion and 
submitted in writing to the instructor. Credit may be earned in more than one 
section. (2). Members of the staff. 

New seminars are introduced periodically, and others are discontinued. By way 
of illustration, the following seminars are currently offered or have recently been 
offered : 

Administration of Criminal Justice 
Asian Law 

Automobile Accident Law 
Comparative Conflict of Laws 
Comparative Social Welfare 


Conflict of Laws 

Constitutional Convention: Problems and Issues 

Current Constitutional Problems 

Defense of Criminal Cases 

Family Law 

Federal Taxation 

Illinois Constitution 

International Business Transactions 


Labor Law and Public Policy 

Law and Poverty 

Law and Technological Change 

Legal Problems of the European Economic Community 

Legal Profession 

Legislative Processes 

Local Government 

Psychiatry and the Lawyer as Counselor 

Securities Regulation 

Sociology of Law 

Supreme Court 

Trade Regulation 

University Governance and Conduct Control 

Urban Government 

Urban Problems — Land Use 

372. Problems in Estate Planning. Selected problems in the planning of estates 
which will serve to integrate the basic materials in property, trusts, wills, and 
income, estate and gift taxation. ( 2 ) . Mr. McCord and Mr. Young. 

373. Advanced Criminal Procedure. Problems in the administration of criminal 
justice, with emphasis upon the commencement of formal proceedings (bail, 
decision to prosecute, grand jury, preliminary hearing, location of prosecution, 
scope of prosecution, speedy trial); the adversary system (pleas, discovery, jury 
trials, prejudicial publicity, ethical problems, double jeopardy); and postcon- 
viction review (posttrial motions, appeals, habeas corpus, related postconviction 
remedies). (2). Mr. LaFave. 

374. Insurance and the Law. A focus on the traffic victim and his claim for 
compensation. The present common law method is compared with various 
schemes of social insurance, both public and private; also explored are problems 
of coordinating, as well as comparing, any such scheme of social legislation with 
the tort system and with other social and private insurance arrangements, such 
as workmen's compensation, accident and health insurance, Social Security, etc. 
Attention is given to both broad questions of social policy and technical drafting 
problems. (3). Mr. O'Connell. 


375. Government Contracts. A study of the way the United States does business. 
Differences in dealing with the government as compared to private parties; 
awarding of contracts; contractual clauses, especially those allocating risks; and 
adjudication of contract disputes. (3). (Not given every year.) Mr. Morgan. 

377. Consumer Credit. A study of existing patterns and proposed changes in 
consumer credit law: finance charge regulations, special licensing for merchan- 
disers of consumer credit, disclosure of finance charges, door to door selling, 
home improvement financing, cutting off defenses, creditor remedies problems in- 
cluding garnishment, wage assignments, and deficiency judgments, and admini- 
strative control of creditor practices. (2). Mr. Benfield. 

378. Juvenile Courts. A study of the laws relating to juveniles, including the 
historical relationship of the criminal law with children, and the evolution of state 
and federal decisional law providing for the special handling of children under 
specified ages who engage in conduct deemed to be "delinquent." Emphasis is 
given to the procedural and constitutional rights of children accused of wrongful 
conduct. (2). Mr. Bowman. 

382. Comparative Law. Selected aspects of the legal systems of other countries 
are used to illustrate the various alternative solutions available to the lawyer in 
solving a given legal problem, thereby sharpening the student's perception of his 
own law. After introduction to civil law theory and practice, the class sits as a 
legislative commission charged with developing law reform proposals, using as 
subject matter various specific areas of law that are of current interest in the 
United States. The class draws upon foreign solutions to similar problems to 
develop legislative proposals through individual and group work. (2). Mr. Krause. 

384. Current Legal Problems. Intensive study of current legal problems, based 
upon (a) recent court decisions; (b) recent legislation; (c) pending law reform 
proposals; or (d) empirical studies. Precise subject matter will vary from se- 
mester to semester. (3). (Not given every year.) 

385. International Business Transactions. Doing business abroad: export-import 
regulations, use of foreign commission merchants, licensing of patents and 
know-how, investment and exchange problems, establishing a foreign operation 
(including forms of business organization available abroad), and application of 
United States and foreign antitrust law to the business operation. (2). (Not 
given every year. ) Mr. Hawkland and Mr. Reisner. 

386. Taxation of International Transactions. Survey of the problems in U.S. 
taxation of foreign persons and foreign income, with special emphasis upon 
foreign business transactions of U.S. corporations. (2). (Not given every year.) 
Mr. Young. 

387. International Economic Organizations. A survey of the principal inter- 
national economic organizations such as GATT, OECD, ECE, and international 


monetary and investment institutions (IMF, IBRD, AID); an intensive study 
of the European Common Market, particularly of its laws relating to trade 
barriers, establishment of companies, and antitrust; United States legislation in 
the field of international trade (Trade Expansion Act of 1962). (3). Mr. Hay. 

388. Law and Psychiatry. A study of contemporary psychiatric theory and its 
relevance to various legal issues; psychiatric disorders, their etiology and treat- 
ment; problems of prediction and prevention of deviant behavior in the context 
of the administration of the criminal and mental health laws. (3). Mr. Reisner. 

395. Clinical Training. Student field work in the offices of the Champaign 
County Legal Services Agency, Vermilion County Legal Services Agency, Cham- 
paign Human Relations Commission, local City Attorneys, State of Illinois De- 
partment of Mental Health, Champaign County State's Attorney, Champaign 
County Public Defender, and other public agencies. Students engage in legal 
and investigative work under the supervision of agency attorneys or other ad- 
ministrative personnel; this work may include conducting client interviews, 
doing legal research, preparing legal documents, pleadings, and briefs, and in 
some cases engaging in the trial of actual cases. The course may be repeated for 
a maximum of four semesters. ( 1 ) . 


391. Legal Problems. Preparation of comments on recent decisions for publica- 
tion in the University of Illinois Law Forum. Open to students selected for 
superior achievement in two or more semesters of law study and to those chosen 
in the writing competition. The course may be repeated for a maximum of four 
semesters. ( 1 ) . Members of the staff. 

399. Research in Special Topics. Individual research on a special problem 
selected in consultation with the instructor. (1 to 4). Members of the staff. 


499. Graduate Thesis. (0 to 3 units). Members of the staff. 




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